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Anti-Stalking - Harassment Investigation
The Suzy Lamplugh Trust defines stalking as: "A pattern of fixated and obsessive behaviour, which is repeated, persistent, intrusive and causes fear of violence or engenders alarm and distress in the victim.".
It is the unwanted pursuit of another person, and can consist of any type of behaviour such as following a person, sending flowers or gifts, appearing at a person's home or place of business, making harassing phone calls, leaving written messages or objects, vandalising a person's property and physical or sexual assault.
The law states that harassment is when a person behaves in a way that intends to cause you distress or alarm. The behaviour must happen on more than one occasion, and it can be the same type of behaviour or different types of behaviour on each occasion. One text message and one phone call may also be harassment.
Who are stalkers?
Stalking and harassment are usually committed by a person known to the victim. When thinking about who could the perpetrator could be, think about:
• Have you been on a date recently that didn't work out? Maybe the other person was a bit too pushy?
• Has someone who worked with you left their job recently, voluntary or dismissed?
• Have you recently ended an intimate relationship with someone?
• Has someone you haven't seen for years suddenly appeared on the scene, in person or online?
• Have you rebuked someone recently, someone you know, maybe a friend, or a friend of a friend?
• Have you shared your personal information with anyone else, especially online dating sites?
• Is there someone at work who is envious of you, or doesn't like you because they feel they have been 'passed up' for a promotion or other benefit?
• Has someone you know suffered a loss of some kind and they hold you responsible for it?
• Do you believe someone, for whatever reason, holding a grievance against you?
Stalkers can be classified into 3 groups:
A simple obsessional group,
where the stalker and the victim had a prior relationship. This is the most commonly reported.
A love obsessed group,
where there was no prior relationship.
An erotomanic group,
where the stalker has developed a delusion that the victim is in love with him or her.